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My Lesson Plan Overview

Reading Between the Lines: Introduction to Poetry and Speakers
language arts lesson and activities for sixth graders
by Elena Tinker Diaz
from Corona-Norco Unified School District, California

California State Standards
Word Recognition
1.Read aloud narrative and expository text fluently and accurately and with appropriate pacing, intonation, and expression.
Vocabulary and Concept Development
2. Identify and interpret figurative language and words with multiple meanings.
Structural Features of Literature
3. Identify the speaker and recognize the difference between first-and third-person narration (e.g., autobiography compared with biography).

Objectives
¨ Students will be able to explain with three reasons or more why a text would be considered a poem.
¨ Students will distinguish between a poem’s speaker and author.
¨ Students will make inferences about an author and speaker that are supported by the text.

Essential Questions
Part 1: Pablo Neruda
1. What counts as poetry? In other words, what makes something poetry?
Part 2: Pedro Pietri
2. How can you “read” a person though his/her writing?


Teacher Preparation (Materials/ Resources)
1. STUDENT SHEET IN CLASS
“VIII” by Pablo Neruda
from The Book of Questions translated by William O’Daly
2. STUDENT SHEET IN CLASS
Telephone Booth Number 905 ½: Reading the Poet
3. VIDEO:
Telephone Booth 905 ½

Previous Lesson 1
Explain the difference between verse and prose writing.

Lesson Procedure: Lesson 2: Distinguishing qualities of poems, speakers, and authors
DO NOW
  1. Students complete a ten-minute grammar review lesson as a warm-up.
MOTIVATION
  1. Teacher asks the students: "What kind of questions did you have when you were younger about the world? What kind of questions did you want to know the answer to but could never find out?“
INTRODUCTION:
  1. Students receive a short verbal introduction from the teacher about the concept of the speaker in a poem and the importance of distinguishing the speaker from the author.
DEVELOPMENT
PABLO NERUDA: VIII from The Book of Questions

  1. Students receive “Pablo Neruda VIII” sheet and individually read the poem. They complete the “First Reaction” section on their own and then share their reactions with their small groups and as a whole class in order to complete the second question on the sheet.
  2. Students read open aloud as a whole class.
DEVELOPMENT
  1. Students individually complete the “Image Paraphrase” section of the poem and then compare drawings within their groups.
  2. Teacher asks students to compare their questions as children to those in the poem and eventually have students generate responses to the poem’s queries.
  3. Teacher next guides students in responding to the sheet’s last two questions on qualities of that make this example a poem and what inferences can be made about the speaker.
LEARNING ACTIVITY:
PEDRO PIETRI: “Telephone Booth 905 ½”
  1. Teacher passes out “Telephone Booth 905 ½” and asks the students to complete the first question individually, and then teacher has students share predictions.
  2. Teacher elicits a discussion on reasons why people might want to not go to work/ school and how they get out of doing so.
  3. Students read poem individually and write their first reactions and share responses with small groups and whole groups.
  4. Students read open aloud as a whole class.
INDEPENDENT PRACTICE:
  1. Students then independently respond to the remaining questions on the sheet. After students have completed all but the last question, teacher asks students to compare who they think the speaker of the poem is to who is the author of the poem.
  2. Teacher shows “Telephone Booth 905 ½” video and elicits discuss and responses from the students about the sheet’s last question.
  3. Students complete last question individually.
SUMMARY:
  1. Teacher leads students in a review discussion of concepts of speaker versus author.

Vocabulary
verse: language written as a poem
prose: written or spoken language in its ordinary form, without rhyme
stanza: group of lines forming the basic unit in a poem
speaker: the person or object who narrates a poem or piece of writing
author: the person who actually created the ideas for a text and physically wrote it

Works Cited:
IMAGE ON THE INTERNET
Beltrán, Raymond R. "There Was Never No Tomorrow, Nuyorican Pedro Pietri In His Own Words." La Prensa San Diego. Frontpage, 6 Feb. 2004. Web. 28 July 2011.
IMAGE ON THE INTERNET
"California State Flag." 50states.com - States and Capitals. Marchex Inc., 2011. Web. 28 July 2011.
IMAGE ON THE INTERNET
Fertig, Carol. "Vocabulary Development for Gifted Students." Gifted Children and Gifted Education Publisher - Prufrock Press Home. Prufrock Press, 2008. Web. 28 July 2011.
IMAGE ON THE INTERNET
Neruda, Pablo. "Books: Book of Questions (Paperback) by Pablo Neruda (Author)." Tower.com: Buy Music CDs, DVDs, Blu-ray, Books, New Releases. Tower Records, 2010. Web. 28 July 2011.
BOOK
Neruda, Pablo, and William O'Daly. The Book of Questions. Port Townsend, WA: Copper Canyon, 2001. Print.
IMAGE ON THE INTERNET
"Pablo Neruda Fans." Pablo Neruda Poetry Fans. Yahoo Groups, 2011. Web. 28 July 2011.
IMAGE ON THE INTERNET
"Page One Book » What Is the Poem by Pablo Neruda – Sonnet XX 's Theme?" Page One Book. Socrates, 11 July 2011. Web. 28 July 2011.
IMAGE ON THE INTERNET
"Resume Objective Statements « LUCareerCenter To Go." Lawrence University Blog Service. LUCareerCenter, 27 July 2007. Web. 28 July 2011.
VIDEO AND POEM ON THE INTERNET
Square Arts, Washington. "United States of Poetry: A Day in the Life." Welcome to The World of Poetry. National Endowment of the Arts, 1988. Web. 28 July 2011.